МЭДЭЭ, МЭДЭЭЛЭЛ

WHAT IS INTANGIBLE CULTURAL HERITAGE?

WHAT IS INTANGIBLE CULTURAL HERITAGE?

Mongolia, signatory to UNESCO’s 2003 Convention on the Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage since 2005, takes on the responsibility of safeguarding its intangible cultural heritage within the global community.

“Intangible cultural heritage” encompasses customs, forms of representation, traditional knowledge, methodologies, related artifacts, instruments, artistic works, and cultural spaces recognized by communities, groups, and individuals as integral to their cultural legacy. This definition is outlined in the “ON PROTECTION OF CULTURAL HERITAGE” law.

UNESCO has registered and validated 15 heritage sites of Mongolian people, treasures of historical depth and unparalleled cultural significance, signifying the global collective of cultural heritage.

As of 2022, Mongolia holds positions on inscribed by UNESCO’s the Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, including:

1. Traditional music of the Morin Khuur (2008)

2. Urtiin Duu, traditional folk long song (2008)

3. Naadam, Mongolian traditional festival (Naadam) (2010)

4. Mongolian traditional art of Khuumii (2010)

5. Falconry, a living human heritage (registered with 24 countries, 2010)

6. Traditional craftsmanship of the Mongol Ger and its associated customs (2013)

7. Knuckle-bone shooting (2014)

8. Traditional technique of making Airag in Khokhuur and its associated customs (2019)

Furthermore, Mongolia is listed on the UNESCO List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Protection, featuring:

1. Mongol Tuuli, Mongolian epic (2009)

2. Mongol Biyelgee, Mongolian traditional folk dance (2009)

3. Traditional music of the Tsuur (2009)

4. Folk long song performance technique of Limbe performances – circular breathing (2011)

5. Mongolian calligraphy (2013)

6. Coaxing ritual for camels (2015)

7. Mongolian traditional practices of worshipping the sacred sites (2017). A total of 15 heritage species have been registered.

The global community directs its focus towards conserving, preserving, and passing down cultural heritage, a cornerstone of human legacy and history enrichment. Mongolia, acknowledging the distinctiveness of its nomadic culture, classifies intangible cultural heritage into seven categories:

1. Native languages, oral traditions, and expressions

2. Traditional folk arts

3. Traditional festivals, rituals, customs, games, and animal dialogue

4. Knowledge and Practices Concerning Nature and the Universe

5. Traditional knowledge and practices

6. Traditional knowledge and practices of animal husbandry

7. Traditional handicrafts etc, classified into sevel dwellings

6. Animal husbandry methods

7. Traditional handicrafts

Within Mongolia’s “National Register of Intangible Cultural Heritage Representation,” a comprehensive list includes 279 heritages across these seven categories. Additionally, the “National Register of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Protection” contains 83 heritage types encompassing the same seven categories, amounting to a total of 362 inheritances preserved for posterity.

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